Long-Term Cr Poisoning Effect on LSCF-GDC Composite Cathodes Sintered at Different Temperatures


The impact of sintering temperature on Cr-poisoning of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes was systematically studied. La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3-δ - Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-δ symmetric cells were aged at 750°C in synthetic air with the presence of Crofer 22 APU, a common high temperature interconnect, over 200 hours and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to determine the degradation process. Both the ohmic resistance (RΩ) and polarization resistance (RP) of LSCF-GDC cells, extracted from EIS spectra, for different sintering temperatures increase as a function of aging time. Furthermore, the Cr-related degradation rate increases with decreased cathode sintering temperature. The polarization resistance of cathode sintered at lower temperature (950°C) increases dramatically while aging with the presence of Cr and also significantly decreases the oxygen partial pressure dependence after aging. The degradation rate shows a positive correlation to the concentration of Cr. The results indicate that decreased sintering temperature increases the total surface area, leading to more available sites for Sr-Cr-O nucleation and thus greater Cr degradation.

Journal of The Electrochemical Society